5G is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks which enable a new kind of network that is devised to connect virtually each and everything together like machines, devices, and objects.
It is meant to deliver higher multi Gbps ultra-low latency, top data speeds, more reliability, increased availability, massive network capacity, and a better uniform user experience for all users.
Improved efficiency and higher performance empower connect new industries and new user experiences.
It is engineered to greatly increase the responsiveness and speed of wireless networks. 5G enables a good increase in the amount of data transmitted over wireless systems because of more advanced antenna technology and available bandwidth.
|Advantages of 5G||Disadvantages of 5G|
|High speeds||Broadcast distance building diffusion|
|Low latency||Battery drain and heating|
|Increased capacity||Upload speeds|
|More bandwidth and Powering innovation||Lack of widespread coverage|
|Less tower congestion||Cyber security|
|Less tower obstruction|
|New technology options|
Advantages of 5G
As it is the latest technology, it is faster than its predecessors on mobile phones and other devices. It allows users to download music, movies, and videos in seconds as opposed to minutes taken by 4G and 4G LTE.
The 5G network has speed of 21 Gbps enabling institutions to use them for services like advanced web conferencing, automation, etc.
In a recent online survey, it was found that consumers that used 5G networks saved about 23 hours a day in the downloading process.
5G has comparatively low latency as compared to 4G or 4G LTE which will support new applications like Artificial Intelligence, virtual reality, and the Internet of Things efficiently.
Moreover, it enables mobile phone users to browse things and open a webpage without any difficulty. Another thing is that it enables us to access the internet at any point of time while browsing for some important information on the web.
5G has the capability to carry up to a hundred times more capacity than 4G or 4G LTE. It enables companies to changeover between Wi-Fi wireless and cellular strategies that will assist a lot to experience good performance.
Moreover, it provides ways to browse the internet with very high efficiency. The increased bandwidth and better availability is a nice improvement over 4G or 4G LTE.
It also gives developers and companies to develop better applications and tailor-made solutions.
More bandwidth and Powering innovation
One of the biggest advantages of 5G is that it has more bandwidth which will help transfer the data very fast.
Consequently, mobile phone users get a quicker connection with more bandwidth after switching to a 5G network. 5G technologies are a better choice for connecting with a wide range of different gadgets including sensors and drones.
It lets us to devise ways to power the implementation of the Internet of Things enabling industries to improve their efficiency, productivity and other things.
Less tower congestion
4G and 4G LTE cellular networks usually get congested. People face problem while accessing important data on these networks.
In turn, 5G networks allow users to avoid them because of better speed and more bandwidth. The download speed is also better. The 5G network has the capacity to increase download speeds by up to 20 times about 200 Mbps to 10 Gbps. It also reduces latency which is response time between devices.
These speeds will better the browsing experience by facilitating processes that although possible today still present difficulties.
The 5G network makes the possibility of having a hyper interlinked network to reach the point of having the much desired smart cities. The correct performance of these new devices depends on the bandwidth of 5G and the Internet of Things.
Less tower obstruction
4G LTE technology has an inherent problem that when numerous people assemble on a small area, towers often get jammed and it also influence capacity, whereas on 5G this is not problematic.
It means that people will not feel like they are competing against each other for the tower by using their cell phones on internet-based portals like Instagram, Facebook, Twitting, sending or receiving email, browsing the internet, reading news, and searching maps and directions with all of the other users at jam-packed places like live concerts, sports events and religious festivals.
With the availability of ample bandwidth, people can use this bandwidth to do more things with their mobile devices for multipurpose than earlier.
New technology options
New network technology has improved the fast and more tasks are being done on smart devices from the world of computers.
Moreover with the rising network speeds have opened new doors for smart device techs which may not have been available in past like Virtual Reality, Artificial Intelligence and much more.
It is also expected to transform areas like remote operations in medicine, traffic management, and autonomous vehicles, and its implementation in the construction sector to reduce risks and optimize resources.
If one is near to one of the 5G towers with their 5G phone, one can transfer entire episodes of HD programs in a sec. There will be no buffering while watching a video like in the old days.
Disadvantages of 5G
Broadcast distance building diffusion
The biggest drawback of 5G technology is that these frequency waves can only be relayed to a short distance. Just like Wi-Fi, 5 GHz 5 GHz does not travel as far as 2.4 GHz and 5G cellular does not relay as far from the mobile tower-like 4G.
Moreover the millimeter 5G waves will only relay well in the line of sight in a straight line with the capability to reach the tower. This means a tree, building, walls or any other obstacles will block, grip or disturb the high-frequency signal.
Many research available online has projected that even rain might possibly be a barrier for 5G networks.
Battery drain and heating
Mobile phones operating on 5G networks usually experience huge battery drainage. Improved technology will be required to upgrade the battery if the object is to get the phone working for a full day on a single charge operating a 5G connection.
Users are also reporting that mobile phones are very hot to the touch while running 5G.
There is an inherent problem with the present technology, people see download speeds reaching up to 1.9 Gbps; In turn the upload speeds hardly cross over 100 Mbps, though it is far better than the 4G and 4G LTE.
But, the present upload speeds experienced by actual 5G users are not improved as the download speeds.
And the ping speeds experienced by users on 5G phones are now not in the anticipated low latency of fewer than 1ms; the definite speeds can be seen in the 15 ms range.
Lack of widespread coverage
Another disadvantage of 5G is that it has limited coverage in the world and is available only in specific locations.
5G coverage is regulated in hardly defined areas in several cities. In compliance of the law, the carriers shall be increasing their network in areas with a high-density population. If one lives or works in definite areas of metropolitan, they will likely be the only to be at advantage of the 5G technology.
Only metropolitans will benefit a lot from 5G networks and Urban, Semi-Urban and rural areas will not get the coverage it for coming decades.
For people, particularly in remote areas, it will take some time before it reaches to them. Carriers shall for generating more profit be are more likely to invest to better their network coverage where the bigger group of their users work or Live.
Moreover, the cost of establishing tower stations is higher compared to other networks.
Cyber security is one of the drawbacks of 5G because it may make devices prone to hacking. The expansion in the bandwidth enables cybercriminals to steal the database with ease. In fact, the software used in this network architecture makes it vulnerable to attacks.
As 5G links with more devices, the chances of attacks can get very high. Therefore, businesses and companies should protect their internal network and database with a security operations centre which will result in additional expenses.