15+ Pros and Cons of Anti-Depressants (Explained)

 Raising competition, a technology-oriented lifestyle, detachment from the parents and close relatives, Monetary issues, educational failures, unable to find a suitable job or profession, separation from beloved ones, and many other reasons are turning depression into an epidemic in the modern world.

Depression is a common phenomenon that is grasping every country of the world; depression can be very severe for people.

Even ruins the whole life of the person. To save the patients from this typically harming disease and also to bring the patient to normal life, the doctor uses anti-depression medications.

However, anti-depression medicines have several benefits and countless side effects, which cost the patient in the long term.

Aspects Of The Anti-Depression Medications:

It’s quite common to feel sad or blue; it relates to most of us. Yet recurrent feelings of distress, excessive tearfulness, eating and sleeping problems, and alienation from family and friends may contribute to a more serious concern.

Major depressive disorder is among the most common psychological disorders in the United States, per the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Depression is unfavorable: it can affect someone regardless of gender, regardless of age, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status.

Approximately 16.2 million adults (6.7 percent) in the U.S. already had at least one depressive episode in 2016, as per the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported by the NIMH.

It tends to high in among women (8.5%) than males (4.8%), the highest in age groups from 18 to 25 years (10.9%), and the maximum among people with two or more ethnic or races (10.5%). 

Of adults people diagnosed in 2016 with a psychotic episode, 64% had a serious disability. What is also really disturbing is that 37 percent of adults with major depressive episodes received no care — either cognitive behavioral therapy or medication.

This is not known at this time the specific causes of depression.  Overall, there really is no specific cause for depression, and why a patient is depressed is often difficult to identify. A combination of the following can cause depression:

• Biological and hereditary features 

• Unfavorable medical conditions 

• Situational incidents, including such loss of employment, separation, stress trauma or violence • Extreme sadness following the losing a loved one 

• Side effects related to prescription drug 

• Drug, alcohol use and misuse of substances

The cornerstone depression medications are prescription antidepressants and talk therapy with a qualified specialist (psychotherapy) — and they’re often most effectively used together.

Drug rehabilitation therapy requires drugs that change the brain’s chemical messengers (neurotransmitters).

It usually takes four to eight weeks for most patients to feel the full effects of antidepressant drugs. Some patients must stay on antidepressant drugs for six months to a year, but others will need a longer treatment period.

What is acknowledged is that medical treatment can be very successful and potentially life-saving for most patients.

There are several methods for depression medical drug treatment, including counseling, psychotherapy such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, narcotics, or a mixture of both.

For most patients with major depressive disorder, from mild to severe, the American Psychiatric Association states that antidepressant medication is recommended as an initial treatment choice.

Pros of Anti-Depressants:

It stabilized the life of the patient:

The anti-depression pills’ components help people relax from the unwanted negativity of life. It balances the hormones with the body and ultimately returns the people in the life back.

Makes people happy:

Generalized anxiety disorder, Social anxiety disorder, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, etc., are treated by anti-depression medicines.

Stops Risk of Relapse:

Sometimes, the disease of anti-depression returns to the life of the patient. This type of problem only can be cured by anti-depression medication.

Helps to increase the appetite:

The problem of appetite is sometimes related to depression; it helps to counter the problem of appetite.

Induces better sleep: 

The substance of anti-depression is designed in such a way that it can increase the sleep of the person. 

Balances The Emotion And Helps to Socialize:

Often underneath the depression, patients become very frustrated and leave their social life. However, this medication helps to get back into life.

Cons of Anti-Depressants

Risk in Pregnancy:

The use of SSRIs during pregnancy has been related to several risks with different degrees of causation evidence.

Since depression is separately associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy, this has been challenging in some cases to establish to what degree reported connections between antidepressant use and actual negative outcomes constitute a correlation.

In several other cases, it just seems fairly obvious to attribute adverse outcomes to antidepressant use.

SSRI use during pregnancy is synonymous with an approximately 1.7-fold high risk of miscarriage and is correlated with premature birth, low birth weight, and birth defects.

Suicide tendency:

Surveys have also shown that overusing antidepressants is strongly linked with a higher risk of suicidal behavior and thought (sociality) among those under the age of 25.

This issue was adequately genuine to warrant government intercession by the U.S. Nourishment and Drug Administration (FDA) to caution of an expanded danger of sociality during anti-depressant treatment.

Research has demonstrated that anti-depressant use is related to an expanded danger of self-destructive conduct and thoughts (suicidal) in those individuals under 25 years old.

This worry has been adequately genuine to require government intercession by the U.S. Nourishment and Drug Administration (FDA) to caution against the expanded danger of self-destructive during stimulant treatment.

Sexual desire lessens:

Sexual side effects are more common with SSRIs, including a lack of sexual desire, failure to meet orgasm, or erectile dysfunction.

Though typically reversible, in rare circumstances, certain sexual side problems may linger once the medication is totally withdrawn. 

In a survey of 1022 patients, an estimate of 59.1 percent total sexual dysfunction with all antidepressants with SSRIs between 57 and 73 percent, 24 percent mirtazapine, 8 percent nefazodone, 7 percent amineptine, and 4 percent moclobemide.

Fluctuations In Weight:

Impacts in weight or craving are visit among antidepressants; however, for the most part, medicine is subordinate and is related to the synapses that cause them.

For example, mirtazapine and paroxetine have the impact of gaining weight and/or raising appetite, while others (e.g., bupropion and venlafaxine) have always had the opposite effect. 

It has been shown that the antihistaminic properties of many antidepressants of the TCA and TeCA classes correspond to both the possible side effects of excessive appetite and weight gain correlated with any of these classes of drugs.

Common Discontinuation Syndrome:

Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome, also known as antidepressant withdrawal syndrome, is a disease that may develop after the antidepressant drug has been stopped, decreased, or discontinued.

Effects may also include flu-like symptoms, sleep disorders, fatigue, balance issues, perceptual or sensory issues changes, panic, or anxiety. The problem actually starts around three days which can last for many months.

Sentimental or Emotional blunting:

Some people taking SSRI medication seem to phase emotional numbness or blunting. This is really a decrease both in positive and negative psychological conditions.

Whereas the individual may feel less sad, less joy or sympathy may also be felt. This could lead to a reduction in dosage or a change in prescription. The process is not fully clear.

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