20+ Difference Between Joint Venture And Partnership

A transitory business organization structure is a joint venture. The joint venture ends when the specified goal, task, or activity is achieved because it was created with a specific objective.

A joint venture is not precisely the same as a partnership, another economic organization that develops when two or more people join forces to split earnings from a company. 

Either all of the partners are in charge of the Partnership’s affairs, or one member is in charge and represents the other partners. A joint venture is limited to only one firm, but a partnership is not, which is their main contrast.

Comparison between Joint Venture and Partnership

ParameterJoint VenturePartnership
DefinitionA joint venture is a company established by two or more people for a short-term, defined purpose.When two or more individuals decide to operate a company together and split profits and losses, they have formed a partnership.
LawsNo such particular act exists.In this Partnership, the Indian Partnership Agreement of 1932 is in effect.
Involved PartiesCo-venturers are those who participate in a joint venture.The people who are a part of a partnership are called partners.
Profit distributionUpon completion of the project or on an interim basis, as appropriate.The profits or losses are distributed annually.
MaintenanceIt is not required to maintain a distinct collection of books.It’s important to keep an eclectic assortment of literature.
Trade nameThey do not have a trading name.They have a specific trade name.
MinorityA minor is ineligible to join a co-venture.A minor may join the Partnership for the benefit of the business.

Main Distinctions Between Partnership And Joint Venture

What exactly is a Joint Venture?

Joint ventures are organizations for businesses when two or more parties collaborate to complete a certain goal, project, or activity.

The project, sometimes known as a temporary collaboration, is created for a brief time. A joint venture is short-term, non-corporate cooperation between two or more people for a particular goal and a finite amount of time.

The parties to the venture are referred to as “Co-venturers” in this instance because they have agreed to manage the venture jointly by pooling their resources, such as cash, inventory, equipment, and labor, and by splitting profits and losses in the agreed-upon proportions without using the firm name.

In other words, two or more people agree to engage in a certain endeavor and to split the associated gains and losses in a predetermined proportion.

Joint Venture Key Differences

  • A joint venture is a corporate Partnership created to carry out a certain project.
  • Such a law does not apply to joint ventures.
  • Co-venturers are the parties taking part in the joint venture.
  • A minor is not permitted to join a joint venture.
  • A joint venture lacks a distinct trade name.
  • The going concern notion does not apply to a joint venture because it is only constituted for a brief period of time.
  • The keeping of books of accounts is not specifically required in joint ventures.

What exactly is a Partnership?

An agreement involving two or more persons, known as a partnership, binds them to operate a business and share profits and losses.

Partners relate to each member individually and the group as a whole company. A partnership business is one where two or more people decide to engage in an economic activity together in order to generate profits. 

A partnership firm is not a distinct legal entity in the eyes of the law. To put it another way, it does not exist independently of its partners. It implies that the private estates of partners would be responsible for paying the business’s debts in the event of bankruptcy of a partnership firm.

Partnership Key Differences

  • The Partnership is an arrangement for carrying on a business and splitting the earnings thereof between two or more people.
  • The Partnership, 1932, is governed under the Indian Partnership Act.
  • Partners are the partners in the Partnership.
  • To enjoy the benefits of the partnership company, a minor may join as a partner.
  • There is a distinct trade name used in Partnership.
  • The Partnership is built on the idea of a going concern.
  • The upkeep of books of accounts is required in partnerships.

Contrast Between Joint Venture and Partnership


  • Joint Venture- A joint venture is a commercial operation that at least two people carry out that is restricted in time and is known as a particular venture.
  • Partnership- A partnership’s term or period is not a set and constant ongoing commercial base, and it is also referred to as not being confined to a particular enterprise in which two or more people carry on business in accordance with their common understanding.


  • Joint Venture- Simply put, a joint venture is a corporate organization established by two or more individuals that are mainly characterized by pooled ownership.
  • Partnership- Participants in collaboration are referred to as partners, and a partnership is a legal structure where partners agree to cooperate to further their common interests.


  • Joint Venture- A joint venture is created when two or more parties get together to work toward a common objective for a certain length of time, with or without the intention of making a profit.
  • Partnership- While a partnership is not restricted to just one project or goal, it instead focuses on operating a business for the long term and making a profit from it. 


  • Joint Venture- In a joint venture, a business ends as soon as a certain objective is completed by the parties.
  • Partnership- Partnership partners can dissolve their partnership firm only with the approval of the other partners. Therefore, it is clear that a joint venture is a temporary agreement, but collaboration is a lengthy one.


  • Joint Venture- Joint ventures are not governed by specific laws or statutes.
  • Partnership- The government has developed a separate act for partnerships.

Money management

  • Joint Venture- Due to the short-term nature of joint ventures, accounting for them is not done continuously.
  • Partnership- A partnership business accounts on a going-concern basis. A joint venture uses the liquidation accounting method of accounting.


  • Joint Venture- There aren’t any joint and several liabilities in a joint venture unless there’s a particular agreement.
  • Partnership- Each partner in a partnership is responsible for their obligations.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the similarities between a joint venture and a partnership? 

In that both joint ventures and partnerships involve participants who give their time, money, and effort toward a common goal, there are similarities between the two types of associations.

A partnership must have a minimum of two participants. There can be no more than ten partners if the Company the partners will own is in the banking sector.

Who is the owner of a joint venture?

A joint venture is a business started by two or more persons and is often characterized by shared governance, ownership, and benefits and risks.

Is a joint venture legal?

Yes, a “joint venture” is recognized in India as a separate legal term. A joint venture is defined by the Companies Act of 2013 as a joint arrangement in which the parties that share control of the arrangement have the right to its net assets.

Can small-scale businesses be partnered with?

For businesses of any size, business collaborations are beneficial. However, forming partnerships is crucial for small enterprises to compete with large corporations.

Strategic relationships have the potential to be crucial for development and success, which benefits all parties.

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