20+ Difference between Village and City (Explained)

An area where people dwell is referred to as a settlement, locality, or inhabited location in geography, statistics, and archaeology.

A settlement’s complexity may vary from a little cluster of houses to one of the world’s biggest cities with surrounding urbanized regions. Cities, towns, villages, and hamlets may all be considered settlements.

A settlement may have well-known historical characteristics, such as the period in which it was initially populated or the specific individuals who did so.

Settlements are defined as “a city, town, hamlet or other agglomeration of structures where people live and work” in the context of geospatial predictive modeling.

A settlement’s-built infrastructure often consists of roads, fences, field systems, boundary banks, ditches, ponds, parks, and woodlands, as well as wind and water mills, manor houses, moats, and churches.

Comparison Between Village And City

DefinitionA village is a very small settlement consisting of very few people.A city is a very populated area that covers a large area, consisting of many people.
PopulationVillages contain around 500 to 2,500 people. Cities contain at least 50,000 residents. 
Type of civilizationVillages are generally located in rural areas.Cities form the main urban centers.
Standard of livingThe standard of living in villages is much lower than that of other forms of human settlements. People living in cities generally have a much higher standard of living. 
Cost of livingThe cost of living in villages is lower than in towns and villages.The cost of living in cities is more than that of other forms of settlements.
LifestyleThe life of people living in villages is peaceful and tranquil. The overall lifestyle of people is spaced slower and calm.Unlike villages, the lifestyle of people living in urban areas is extremely fast-paced. 
Main occupationThe primary occupation of villagers comprises agriculture and animal rearing. Poultry farming is also common.The primary occupation of city people pertains to the industrial sectors or corporate firms. Unlike villages, cities offer a diverse range of jobs to people.
Employment opportunitiesDue to a smaller number of residents, the number of employment opportunities is quite a few.Cities provide a higher rate of employment opportunities to people. Furthermore, the market for jobs in cities is much more diverse.
Transportation The transportation sector is not much developed.The transportation sector is very developed, with all modern facilities incorporated.
CommunicationAlthough modern communication systems exist in villages, they are not much developed.Cities enjoy efficient communication as the network is very advanced with modern technology.
Landscape appearanceThe landscape of villages generally consists of huge acres of farmland, orchards, rivers, hills, and other forms of greenery.Cities generally lack greenery. The landscape is covered with houses, skyscrapers, overhead bridges, and other forms of construction.
PollutionDue to the absence of too many industries and vehicles, villages are less populated. The air, water, and land are cleaner and free from pollutants.Too many vehicles, industries, and other sectors contribute to pollution. Cities often face a lot of problems in this regard.
LawsVillages have their own local government to look after their people. Since most crimes committed are of a minor scale, these local bodies of government have the power to establish their own set of laws and punish any miscreants.For cities, legal proceedings are always looked after by federal courts. Although there are smaller bodies that are empowered with minor jurisdiction, the main decisions regarding law-making is entrusted only to courts. 
comparison between village and city

The Major Difference Between Village And City

What is a Village?

A village is a compact community or human settlement more prominent than a hamlet but smaller than a town. It usually has a population that ranges from a few hundred to a few thousand people.

Villages tend to be located in rural areas. The phrase “urban village” may also refer to specific urban neighborhoods, even though villages are often found in more rural settings.

Key Difference: Village

  • A village is a temporary settlement.
  • They are rural areas.
  • A village has a small population density.
  • Due to fewer residents, villages do not cover a large area.
features of village

What is City?

A city is a significant settlement of people. It may be characterized as a permanent, highly populated area with officially delineated borders, with residents broadly engaging in non-agricultural activities.

Cities often have significant housing, transit, sanitation, utility, land use, product production, and communication systems.

Their density allows contact between individuals, government organizations, and enterprises, sometimes to the advantage of many parties, such as by boosting the distribution efficiency of products and services.

Key Difference: City

  • Cities are permanent settlements.
  • The cities are a part of urban centers.
  • Cities have a very high population density.
  • Due to the more significant number of residents, cities have a large area.
features of city

Contrast Between Village And City


  • Village- Villages are small, temporary settlements with a lower population density. These settlements are rural.
  • City- A city refers to a large human settlement in an urban setting. Generally, these settlements are permanent and contain a high population density. 


  • Villages- Villages have a low population density. Generally, these rural regions comprise around 500 to 2,500. 
  • City- These settlements contain a much higher population density, with over 50,000 residents. 

Type of civilization

  • Village- Most villages are temporary. 
  • City- Contrary to villages, cities have a permanent nature. 


  • Village- Generally, all villages have an influx of greenery due to the presence of forests and other natural bodies. A rural landscape’s most common features include vast agricultural land, hills, lakes, and ponds.
  • City- Cities drastically lack greenery. The landscape comprises buildings, monuments, skyscrapers, bridges, and other architectural creations. 

Standard of living:

  • Village- Villagers’ living standard is much lower than other forms of human settlements. As a result, the cost of living is also meager.
  • City- Both the standard and cost of living are high in cities. 


  • Village- Villages generally do not have distinct boundaries to mark different regions. Also, they cover smaller areas as the number of residents is minimal. 
  • City- Cities cover a larger area with distinct boundaries. 


  • Village- Being a rural area, villages are generally underdeveloped (except for a few). The transport sector is still not advanced.

    Generally, road transport is the only mode of travel. Not only are the streets adequately constructed, but also the number of vehicles people use is very few.
  • City- The transportation sector of cities is very advanced and complex. Cities offer all major and minor means of communication.

    People can available road transport, water transport as well as air transport. Also, the streets, ports, and airports are well-maintained and developed to facilitate easy transportation.


  • Village- Villages also suffer from a setback in the communication sector. Most of the newer methods of communication today require the use of satellites.

    Due to the lack of development, rural areas are often deprived of good and advanced communication tools.
  • City- Since cities are highly developed, the communication sector also flourishes. The fundamental reason behind this is that using satellites as a networking medium is ubiquitous in cities.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What is the average population of villages?

Generally, villages contain a lesser number of residents. The approximate number of people living in rural areas ranges from 500 to 2,500.

Q2. What are villages and cities?

Villages and cities are types of human settlements. The former is temporary, whereas the latter is permanent. 

Q3. Why do cities have better transport and communication?

The transport and communication sectors of cities are much more advanced and developed than villagers. The use of modern technology achieves this efficiency.

Q4. Why are villages not polluted?

Unlike cities, villages are covered in forests, orchards, farmlands, hills, lakes, ponds, and other natural elements. Additionally, pollution is drastically reduced due to fewer vehicles and fewer people.

Q5. Villages or cities: which one has better employment opportunities?

The job opportunities offered in cities are more in number and diversity. 

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