20+ Differences Between Windows and Linux

Windows and Linux are two widely used operating systems with distinct characteristics.

Windows, developed by Microsoft, offers user-friendly interfaces, extensive software compatibility, and widespread support. In contrast, Linux, an open-source system, prioritizes flexibility, security, and customization.

Windows is favored for its user-friendliness and compatibility with popular software; Linux excels in stability and security and is highly customizable. Choosing between them depends on individual needs and preferences for a computing environment.

Windows vs Linux – Comparison

DefinitionClosed-source OS, licensed. User-friendly for all skill levels. Ideal for corp/professional & personal use.Free, open-source OS with GUI, API compatible with C, built on Unix standards, and has independent components.
KernelWindows’ micro-kernel hurts performance compared to Linux.More RAM is needed for Linux’s successful run with a monolithic kernel.
File systemData is stored on drives and organized by Windows into files and folders for easy access from multiple devices.Files and directories form a tree-like structure in a hierarchy. Everything is treated as a file, including peripherals.
CompatibilityMaintains high compatibility, ensuring archaic apps work flawlessly. Simple explanation.Linux issues frustrate users accustomed to Windows’ standard operating procedures.
LicenseWindows licenses cost $99-$199, with free upgrades no longer available after July 29, 2016.Most Linux distributions offer free and open-source software, while some charge for distribution upkeep.

What Is Windows?

Microsoft Corporation created the Windows operating system. It’s a popular graphical user interface (GUI) operating system lets computers run applications and manage hardware resources.

Windows was first introduced in 1985 and has since grown through different versions, with the most recent major update, as of September 2021, being Windows 11.

The operating system is user-friendly and works with various software and hardware components.

Windows provides a graphical interface allowing users to interact with their computer via windows, icons, menus, and pointers, frequently referred to as the WIMP (Windows, Icons, Menus, Pointer) interface.

It provides a multitasking environment, allowing users to run numerous apps simultaneously and simply transition between them.

Key Difference: Windows

  • 1 Microsoft’s Windows is a graphical OS that the company created and markets. Commonly known as Microsoft Windows. 
  • 2 Windows 10 is the most recent client OS, whereas Windows Server 2019 is the most recent one. The source code is usually hidden from the public. 
  • 3 Similarly, Windows has a command line that pales in contrast to the Linux terminal. Most users rely on the GUI menus when it comes to commonplace chores. 
  • 4 Windows is a popular operating system because it is simple to set up and needs little user involvement throughout the installation process. 
  • 5 However, despite Windows’ newly-improved dependability, the operating system is still plagued by security holes and occasional crashes. 
  • 6 Additionally, Windows has excellent user assistance. It offers both free and premium customer service options. There’s a user-friendly internet discussion board for it.
Features Of Windows

What Is Linux?

Linux is an open-source operating system kernel that forms the basis for numerous Linux distributions, commonly known as Linux distros.

Linus Torvalds created it in 1991, and it has since acquired prominence as a solid and versatile operating system.

In contrast to proprietary operating systems such as Windows or macOS, Linux is open-source, which means its source code is freely available for anyone to read, alter, and distribute.

This open nature has generated a vast and thriving developer community that contributes to the ongoing development and enhancement of Linux.

Key Difference: Linux

  • 1 The Microsoft Windows operating system is part of a larger family of software. It’s offered in both 64-bit and 32-bit versions. Client and server implementations are supported. 
  • 2 Windows 10 is the most recent client OS, whereas Windows Server 2019 is the most recent one. Linux is a server operating system with desktop variants also available. 
  • 3 In addition, the commercial distribution of Linux includes SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) and RedHat Enterprise Linux. 
  • 4 Open source allows us to change the OS’s code and create new versions. In Linux, users may see the kernel’s source code and modify it as necessary. 
  • 5 Linux is available in several highly configurable distributions. Terminal, the Linux command line interface, is one of the system’s most powerful features. 
  • 6 Its original purpose was administrative and routine chores. Users may not see any benefits. Linux setup may be tricky since it takes so many inputs from the user. 
  • 7 It’s quicker to set up than Windows. Linux has a solid reputation for dependability and safety. Uptime, process control, and security are all tried and true features.
Features Of Linux

What Is The Difference Between Linux And Windows?

Linux offers various distributions, each tailored to different user needs and preferences.

As a commercial product, Windows provides a more unified experience across different devices and has a larger market share.

Linux is known for its stability, security, and customization options, while Windows excels in software compatibility, especially for gaming and mainstream applications


  • Windows – Market research shows that almost all personal computers (92.63%) run Microsoft Windows, while only about 1% of users run Linux.

    Many users claim Linux is difficult to use in comparison to Windows, limiting Linux’s appeal for home use.

    The intended audience for this product is professional and academic institutions, particularly for server applications. That’s why Linux is the operating system of choice for business servers, UI or not.
  • Linux – Further contributing to Windows’s success at the cost of Linux is the fact that PC makers are now legally able, according to a license arrangement with Microsoft, to incorporate Windows as part of the operating system of the computers they produce.

    While Windows is still the most popular computer operating system, several computer manufacturers, such as HP and Dell, now sell their computers with Linux installed.


  • Windows – All Windows users have experienced vulnerabilities and instability in the system at some point. Windows is a popular OS; thus, it’s a common target for cybercriminals and spammers.

    Windows (consumer versions) lacked in-built security protections when it was first released since it was intended for use on a single-user PC without a network connection.

    Microsoft’s Windows Update service often receives new security fixes from the company. These are typically released once a month, while more urgent information may be released more often.
  • Linux – By design, Linux serves several users simultaneously, making it far more robust than Windows.

    Any new issue presented may be fixed within a few hours. The appropriate patch can be delivered since Linux is community-driven, with frequent monitoring by developers from every part of the planet.

Ease to use:

  • Windows – Because it has been so widely adopted, Windows has become the de facto standard for many different kinds of computers.

    There is a considerable probability that Windows 10 will already be installed on any new laptop or personal computer that you purchase.

    Because users have been trained to click the toolbar to start their preferred applications for a significant amount of time, it is exceedingly challenging for them to transition to the new system.
  • Linux – Linux has made significant strides toward becoming a more user-friendly operating system in recent years.

    Linux distributions like Mint and Ubuntu have gone to great pains to simplify their installation and configuration processes, making it possible for non-technical users to get on with their everyday responsibilities with minimal hassle.


  • Windows – In recent years, Windows has relied more on advertising revenue. Although users can disable this feature, no one is safe from the slick registry hacks that are obviously part of Redmond’s master plan.

    Windows has the ability to monitor user activity and respond accordingly, such as by suggesting that users sync their files to the Microsoft OneDrive service or by gathering behavioral data to improve Cortana, Microsoft’s virtual assistant.
  • Linux – If you use Linux, you’re using an OS that won’t track your every move. The Linux operating system gives you complete control over your computer.

    To this, you can add that most Linux distributions have a built-in option for military-grade encryption. You, the user, may rest easy knowing that your information is safe from the consequences of a lost or stolen device.
Comparison Between Windows And Linux

Read More Related Articles.. 👇

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. Which operating system, Linux or Windows, is more powerful and efficient?

Windows is known for its user-friendliness, making it possible for individuals with little experience with technology to use personal computers relatively easily.

On the other hand, Linux is known for its speed and security. Windows is the operating system that is utilized the most frequently by business users and gamers;

However, Linux is utilized by many corporate businesses as a server and operating system to ensure data security.

Q2. What kinds of things make up windows and their parts?

A few of the components that make up an application window are the title bar, the menu bar, the window menu (also referred to as the system menu in the past), the minimize button, the maximize button, the restore button, the close button, the sizing border, the client area, the horizontal scroll bar, and the vertical scroll bar.

Other components include a client area, a sizing border, and a restore button.

Q3. Is Windows 10 still available for free in 2022?

You probably already have a pretty good idea that upgrading to Windows 10 and getting it for free will still be an option in 2022.

You need to follow our techniques, which have been detailed above, beginning with utilizing the Windows 7 or Windows 8 version you already have.

One product key, or perhaps receiving a license for free via your place of employment or education.

Q4. What is the most important thing that Linux does?

Linux is the most common server operating system. It is used for almost every kind of shared server, including web servers, database servers, file servers, email servers, and virtually every other type of shared server.

Linux is a flexible operating system that supports high-volume and multithreading applications, making it an excellent choice for use with a wide variety of server applications.

Q5. Which of these two flavors of Linux is available for users to use?

Linux distributions may be purchased in a community or an enterprise flavor, and both flavors are available.

A free Linux distribution is said to be a “community distro” if the bulk of its support and maintenance comes from the community responsible for developing open-source software. A distribution such as this is called a “community distro.

Differences Between Windows And Linux

Similar Posts:

Was this article helpful?

Leave a Comment