20+ Differences between Anglican And Catholic

Christianity is one of the major religions in the world, and hardly there would be anyone who hasn’t heard of it. But most people do not know about Anglicanism and Catholicism as Christianity’s two forms.

The terms Anglican and Catholic sound like synonyms and are used interchangeably on many occasions, but both the terms have different meanings and varied differences. So let’s dig deeper between these forms of Christianity and understand the differences. 

I/C

Key Differences –

Anglican –

  1. A form of Christianity that originated from Catholic origin is known as Anglicanism.
  2. King Henry VII is known to be the founder of Anglicanism. 
  3. People who follow Anglicanism are called Anglicans. 
  4. Anglicans respectfully believe in the Holy Trinity. 
  5. In Anglicanism, both men and women can choose to become priests as and when they want. 

Catholic –

  1. A form of Christianity which is known to be the oldest known form of Christianity. 
  2. Catholicism was formed immediately after the death of Jesus Christ. 
  3. People who follow Catholicism are called Catholics. 
  4. Catholics do not believe in the Holy Trinity. 
  5. In Catholicism, women can not become priests. Only men can become priests. 

Comparison between Anglican And Catholic

ParameterAnglicanCatholic
MeaningAnglican refers to the Anglican Church situated in England, United Kingdom. It refers to the Anglicanism religion, which is a form of Christianity. People who follow Anglicanism are also known as Anglicans.. Catholic refers to the Catholic Church situated in the Vatican. It refers to the Catholicism religion, which is the first and oldest form of Christianity. People who follow Catholicism are also known as Catholics.
FormationKing Henry VII gave rise to Anglican Church or Anglicanism in 1534.The first and oldest form of Christianity was formed immediately after the death of Jesus Christ.
AgeAnglicanism or Anglican Church is around five hundred years old. Catholicism or Catholic Church is more than two thousand years old. 
MembersIt has approximately eighty million members globally. It has approximately one billion members globally. 
Holy TrinityAnglicans have their faith in the Holy Trinity. Catholics do not believe in the concept of the Holy Trinity.
Transubstantiation Anglicans or Anglicanism do not believe that bread and wine convert into Jesus’s body and blood. Catholics or Catholicism do believe that bread and wine convert into Jesus’s body or blood. 
PriestIn Anglicanism, both women and men can become Priests. In Catholicism, only men can become Priests. 
MarriageThe Anglican Priests can get married. The Catholic Priests have to take a Celibacy Vow 
HierarchyThe concept of Central Hierarchy is not present in Anglican Churches. The concept of Central Hierarchy is present in the Catholic Churches. 
SacramentsAnglicanism or Anglicans believe in only two sacraments: Baptism and Eucharist. Catholicism or Catholics believe in all the seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Holy Orders, Matrimony, Penance, Anointing of the Sick. 
Head of ChurchIn Anglican Churches, a Monarch is the head of a Church. In Catholic Churches, a Pope is the head of a Church. 

Major Differences Between Anglican And Catholic

What exactly is Anglican?

Anglican Church is situated in England, United Kingdom. It was formed in 1543 after King Henry VII wanted to divorce his wife Catherine and formed a new religion Anglicanism.

The idea behind the formation of Anglican Religion was to make a new form of Christianity that did not believe in some of the practices of Catholicism. Therefore, people who follow Anglicanism are also known as Anglicans. 

I/C

Features of Anglicanism/ Anglican –

  1. Anglicanism was formed in the year 1543 by King Henry VII. 
  2. The third largest Christian church in the world is the Anglican Church, situated in England, United Kingdom. 
  3. Anglicans truly believe in the Holy Trinity, i.e., Three Christian Godheads (Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit). 
  4. The Anglican Communion is home to almost 80 million people all around the world. 
  5. Anglicanism does not believe in the thought of only letting men become priests. Anglican Women can also choose to become priests. 
  6. In Anglicanism, Priests marry instead of taking a Celibacy vow. 
  7. Anglicans do not believe that there is any church or priest above anyone. 
  8. Baptism and Eucharist are the only two sacraments that Anglicans believe in. 
  9. The monarch is the head of the church in Anglicanism. 
  10. Anglicans do not believe that good sins save them. They believe only God can save them. 

What exactly is Catholic?

Catholicism is the first form of Christianity formed after the death of Jesus Christ. The Catholic church, or the St. Peter Basilica, is the world’s first and oldest Christian church.

It is believed to have existed for more than two thousand years. People who follow Catholicism are also known as Catholics. 

I/C

Features of Catholic/ Catholicism –

  1. Catholicism is the first form of Christianity that was formed immediately after the death of Jesus Christ. 
  2. St. Peter Basilica is the largest Catholic church in the world. 
  3. Catholics do not believe in the concept of the Holy Trinity. 
  4. Catholics believe in Transubstantiation, which means that Bread and Wine take the place of Jesus’s body and blood. 
  5. Catholics are estimated to be at least 1 billion in the whole world. 
  6. Catholicism only gives men the right to become priests. 
  7. Unlike Anglicans, Catholics believe in Central Hierarchy. 
  8. Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Holy Orders, Penance, and Anointing of the sick are the seven sacraments that Catholics believe in. 
  9. Instead of marrying, Catholics Priests have to take a celibacy vow. 
  10. A pope is the head of a church. 
  11. Catholics believe along with God, and it’s the good deeds that save them. 

Contrast Between Anglican And Catholic

Origin Of The Word

  • Anglican – The word Anglican originated from the Medieval Latin word “Anglicanus,” meaning “High – Church, of the Church of England,” which originated from the word “Anglicus,” meaning “Of the English people, of England,” which originated from the word “Angli” meaning “the Angles.” 
  • Catholic – The word Catholic originated from the Greek word “Katholou,” meaning “on the whole, according to the whole, in general.”

Meaning

  • Anglican – Anglican refers to the Anglican Church situated in England, United Kingdom. People who follow Anglicanism are also known as Anglicans. 
  • Catholic – Catholic refers to the Catholic Church situated in the Vatican. It is also known as Roman Catholic Church and St. Peter Basilica. People who follow Catholicism are also known as Catholics. 

Formation

  • Anglican – The Anglican Church, or Anglicanism, was formed in 1543 by King Henry VII when he wanted to give divorce to his wife. Anglicanism has been derived from Catholicism. 
  • Catholic – The Catholic Church was formed after Jesus Christ’s death. Catholicism is the first and the oldest form of Christianity to be in existence. 

Age

  • Anglican – The Anglican Church or Anglicanism is approximately 500 hundred years old. 
  • Catholic – The Catholic Church, or Catholicism, is approximately two thousand years old. 

Members

  • Anglican – The Anglican Church, or Anglicanism, has about eighty million members all around the world. 
  • Catholic – The Catholic Church, or Catholicism, has about one billion members all around the world.

Holy Trinity

  • Anglican – The Anglicans believe in the concept of the Holy Trinity. 
  • Catholic – The Catholics do not believe in the concept of the Holy Trinity. 

Transubstantiation

  • Anglican – Anglicans do not believe in Transubstantiation. 
  • Catholic – Catholics highly believe in Transubstantiation. 

I/C

Catholics believe in Transubstantiation, which means that the Bread and Wine consumed at Communion turn into Jesus’s body and wine. Referring to Bread to Jesus’s body and wine to his blood. The reason behind this concept is that when Jesus was having his last meal, he gave bread & wine to his religious fellows and asked them to follow this practice in his memory of him. Since then, Catholics or Catholicism believe that Bread and Wine turn into Jesus’s body when taken at Communion. 

Women Priests

  • Anglican – There are no restrictions on women from becoming priests in Anglican. 
  • Catholic – In Catholicism, only men are priests. 

Marriage

  • Anglican – In Anglican, there is no restriction on priests getting married. 
  • Catholic – In Catholicism, priests must take a celibacy vow instead of getting married.
  •  

Central Hierarchy

  • Anglican – Central Hierarchy is absent in Anglicanism or Anglican Church. 
  • Catholic – Central Hierarchy prevails in Catholicism or Catholic Church. In Catholicism or Catholic Churches, a Pope is considered above all, followed by Cardinals, Archbishops, Bishops, Priests, Deacons, and The Laity. 

I/C

Hierarchy of Catholic Church
Pope
Cardinals
Archbishops
Bishops
Priests
Deacons
The Laity

Sacraments

  • Anglican – There are only two sacraments that exist in Anglicanism: Baptism and Eucharist
  • Catholic – Seven sacraments prevail in Catholicism: Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Holy Orders, Penance, and Anointing of the sick.

I/C

The seven Sacraments –

  1. Baptism – When a person wants to join Christianity, they have to stay underwater for a few seconds. In the case of babies, few water droplets are put on their heads. This ceremony of joining Christianity is known as Baptism. 
  2. Confirmation – When the baptized baby is grown up, his confirmation of joining Christianity with a promised commitment is celebrated by the Confirmation Sacrament. 
  3. Eucharist – The Eucharist sacrament asks all the Christian followers to remember the last meal or supper of Jesus Christ. In the Eucharist ceremony, people are fed bread and wine in remembrance of Jesus. 
  4. Matrimony – This sacrament asks all Christians to marry and devote themselves to their partners in sickness and health. It sees marriage as the purest form of human love. 
  5. Holy Orders – Anyone who undertakes the Sacrament of Holy Orders has to devote their commitment and service to the priesthood & God. 
  6. Penance – The sacrament of Penance tells all the followers that sins conducted after Baptism can be forgiven. 
  7. Anointing of the sick – A ceremony in which a priest anoints a person’s head with oil that is ill or about to die to help him with spiritual and physical power. 

Head Of The Church

  • Anglican – A monarch is the head of a church in the Anglican Church or Anglicanism. 
  • Catholic – A pope is the head of a church in the Catholic Church or Catholicism. 

Beliefs

  • Anglican – Anglicans believe that it’s only God that saves them from difficult times, and good deeds and sinful actions have no role in it. 
  • Catholic – Catholics believe it’s also the good work and sinful actions that play a major role in their lives along with God. 

Conclusion

Anglican and Catholic are two churches or religions that have originated from Christianity. Catholicism is the oldest and first form of Christianity formed after Jesus Christ’s death.

It’s been more than 200 years since Catholicism was in existence. On the other hand, Anglicanism originated from Catholicism after King Henry VII decided to part away from his wife and formed another form of Christianity.

It’s been around 500 years since Anglicanism was in existence. 


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. How many people follow Anglicanism and Catholicism?

It is believed that there are around eighty million people worldwide who follow Anglicanism and around one billion people worldwide who follow Catholicism. 

Q2. What is meant by Baptism?

Baptism is a Christian ceremony that is conducted when a person wants to join Christianity.

As a grown-up, a person has to stay underwaters for a while to join Christianity. In the case of babies, a priest drops a few drops of water on the baby’s head to welcome him to Christianity. 

Q3. What are the major differences between Anglican and Catholicism?

The major differences between Anglican and Catholicism are as follows.

1. Anglicanism originated from Catholicism, whereas Catholicism is the first and oldest form of Christianity. 
2. The concept of the Holy Trinity is believed by Anglicans, whereas Catholics do not believe in Holy Trinity. 
3. Anglicans do not believe in Transubstantiation, but Catholics do. 
4. In Anglicanism, priests can marry, but in Catholicism, priests have to take a celibacy vow. 
5. In Anglicanism, both men and women can be priests, but in Catholicism, only men can be priests. 
6. Anglicans believe in only two sacraments, namely Baptism and Eucharist, but Catholics believe in all seven sacraments, namely Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Holy Orders, Penance, Anointing of the sick.


Similar Posts:

Leave a Comment