20+ Differences Between Chicano And Latino

The terms Chicano and Latino are used in the United States of America (USA). These terms sound like synonyms and many times are used interchangeably, but both of these terms are not the same.

The difference between these terms is pretty confusing. The only difference between a Chicano and Latino is in their home or their ancestor’s home country. 

A Chicano is someone who was born in America but had roots in Mexico. On the other hand, Latino is someone who was born in Latin America or had his roots in Latin America. Latin America included Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. 

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Key differences – 

Chicano –

  1. A Chicano is someone who is born in America but has family roots in Mexico. 
  2. Chicanos are born in America, not in Mexico. 
  3. Chicanos have Parents or Grandparents in Mexico.
  4. Chicano is used to refer to a man or a boy. 
  5. Chicana is used to refer to a woman or a girl.  
  6. Chicano is not an official term. 

Latino –

  1. Latino is someone who is born in Latin America or the USA.
  2. Latinos have Parents or Grandparents in Latin America.
  3. Latino is used to refer to a man or a boy. 
  4. Latina is used to refer to a woman or a girl. 
  5. Latino is an official term. 

Comparison Between Chicano And Latino

ParameterChicanoLatino
BirthA Chicano is born in the United States of America (USA). A Latino is born in Latin America or USA. 
Ancestral RootsA Chicano has ancestral roots in Mexico. A Latino has ancestral roots in Latin America. 
Plural formThe plural form of Chicano is Chicanos. The plural form of Latino is Latinos. 
Feminine FormThe feminine form of Chicano is Chicana. The feminine form of Latino is Latinos. 
Recognized termChicano is not a recognized term in the US. Latino is a recognized term in the US. 

Major Differences Between Chicano And Latino

What exactly is a Chicano? 

Chicano is a term used to refer to someone born in the United States of America (USA) having family roots in Mexico. Chicanos have Mexican parents or grandparents. Chicano is used for a man and a boy.

At the same time, Chicana is used for a woman or a girl. Chicanos is used as the plural of Chicano. Chicano is not an official term in the US. 

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Features –

  1. Born in the United States of America.
  2. Ancestral roots in Mexico. 
  3. To address females, “Chicana” is used. 

What exactly is a Latino? 

Latino is a term used to refer to someone born in Latin America or who has family roots in Latin America. Latinos have Latin American parents or grandparents.

Latino is used for a man or a boy. Latina is used for a woman or a girl. Latinos is used as a plural of Latino. Latino is an official term in the US. 

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Features 

  1. Born in Latin America or the United States of America. 
  2. Ancestral roots in Latin America. 
  3. To address, “Latino” is used. 

Contrast Between Chicano And Latino

Origin Of The Word

  • Chicano – The term Chicano is derived from the word “Chichimecas” mixed with “Mexicano.”
  • Latino – The term Latino is derived from the word “Latinoamericano”

Origin Country

I/C – map showing countries for Chicano and Latino people.

  • Chicano – Chicanos have Mexico as their origin country. 
  • Latino – Latinos have Latin America as their origin country.

Parents / Grandparents

  • Chicano – Chicanos have Mexican parents or grandparents. 
  • Latino – Latinos have Latin American parents or grandparents. 

Female Term

  • Chicano – The female term for Chicano is Chicana. 
  • Latino – The female term for Latino is Latina.

Plural Term

  • Chicano – The plural term of Chicano is Chicanos. 
  • Latino – The plural term of Latino is Latino. 

Recognized Term

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Chicano – Chicano is not a recognized term in the US. 

Latino – Latino is a recognized term in the US. 


Conclusion

The term Latino and Chicano might be a little difficult to understand. But the difference is not a major one. The difference between the two terms lies in their origin countries.

A Chicano is someone who is born in the US but has ancestral roots in Mexico. Either their parents or grandparents are Mexicans.

On the other hand, a Latino is someone born in Latin America or has their ancestral roots. Either their parents are Latin Americans, or their grandparents are Latin Americans. 


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What is the major difference between a Chicano and a Latino?

A Chicano is someone born in the USA having ancestral roots in Mexico. Latino, on the other hand, is someone born in the USA or Latin America having ancestral roots in Latin America. 

Q2. What is the difference between a Mexican and a Chicano? 

A Mexican is a citizen of Mexico. He is born in Mexico. In comparison, a Chicano is someone who is a citizen of the United States of America (USA). He is born in the USA, not in Mexico. 

Q3. What is the feminine form of Chicano and Latino?

The plural forms of Chicano and Latino are Chicana and Latina.  


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