Mountain Time vs. Eastern Time: 15+ Differences between

Mountain Time and Eastern Time, two crucial time zones for North America, are separated by two hours. Mountain Time and Eastern Time follow GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) or UTC, the same methods of keeping time used by the rest of the world (Coordinated Universal Time). 

However, during daylight saving time, these times are modified by one hour. The two time zones will be covered in more detail in this article.

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Key Differences Between Mountain Time and Eastern Time:

Mountain Time:

  • Mountain time, also known as MST, is used for North American time.
  • MST is observed during the shortest daylight hours of Autumn and winter.
  • UTC-6 or UTC-7 is MST.
  • MST follows EST by two hours.
  • MST workdays typically last from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.
  • MST is measured using the 105th meridian’s mean solar time west of the Greenwich Observatory.
  • The MST is observed in Texas, Kansas, Utah, and Arizona, among other states.

Eastern Time:

  • Eastern Time, also known as EST, is the timezone for the East coast of North America.
  • EST is the time of day during the winter.
  • EST is UTC-4 or UTC-5.
  • EST is two hours ahead of MST.
  • Meetings and other similar events in EST should be held between 11:00 am and 6:00 pm.
  • The Eastern Standard Time (EST) is calculated using the mean solar time of the 75th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory.
  • EST is followed by New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut states.

Comparison between Mountain Time and Eastern Time

ParametersMountain TimeEastern Time
AbbreviationsMountain time is also termed Mountain Standard Time(MST)Eastern time is also termed Eastern Standard Time (EST)
TimezoneIt is the timezone of North AmericaIt is the timezone of the East Coastal North America
Relation with each other2 hours after EST2 hours before MST
GMT7 hours behind GMT5 hours behind GMT
Seasonal Duration Shortest day of Autumn and winterEST duration is only in the winter time
Daylight saving timeIt is calculated in the spring and summer by subtracting six hours from UTC.It is calculated during this time by subtracting four hours from UTC.
PopulationOnly 6.7% of people in the world use it.47.6% of people in the world use it.
LocationThe MST is observed in Texas, Kansas, Utah, and Arizona, among other states.EST is followed by New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut states.

What is Mountain Time?

MST is the time zone in North America. Another name for it is Mountain Time Zone (MTZ). It is known as Mountain Time (MT) or Daylight Saving Time (DST) in the United States and Canada (MST).

It is 7 hours in North American standard time, or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). It’s popular in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. MST is defined as UTC-6 or UTC-7.

MST is currently monitoring the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory. MST workdays typically run from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.

Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) is the standard time zone that adds an hour to the clocks for summertime daylight saving time MST. Every year, MST begins and ends on the same day and time.

What is Eastern Time:

EST is recognized as the standard time zone for North America. Greenwich Observatory or Greenwich Mean Time will be five hours (GMT). The earth rotates around the sun, creating time zones in various locations.

Because of the difference between these time zones, it is the night at one end of the world while it is the day at the other. A variety of longitudinal lines defines the time zone on earth. It refers to local time or common standards.

As a result, there are 24 central time zones based on Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). The time zones are adjusted as the seasons’ change. For example, daylight savings time replaces standard time. In the summer, it switches to “Summertime,” which is standard time plus one hour.

EST is one of the most common time zones. During the summer, however, it observes Eastern Daylight Time in some locations for daylight saving (EDT).

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Mountain Time vs. Eastern Time – All you need to know

Mountain Time:

  1. North America’s time zone is known as MST. 
  2. Its alternate name is Mountain Time Zone (MTZ). 
  3. Mountain Time (MT) or (MST) is the time zone. 
  4. The time difference between now and North American standard time, or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), is seven hours. 
  5.  MST is either UTC-6 or UTC-7.
  6. MST follows EST by two hours.
  7. The MST is one hour behind Central Time Zone.
  8. MST is measured using the 105th meridian’s mean solar time west of the Greenwich Observatory.
  9. MST is observed during the shortest daylight hours of fall and winter.
  10. Alberta, British Columbia, and the Northwestern Territories are Canadian provinces that use MST as their standard time.

Eastern time:

  1. The time zone followed by the people of the east coast of North America is EST. 
  2. Greenwich Observatory or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) was 5 hours ago. 
  3. Various places have different time zones because the earth circles on its axis around the sun.
  4.  Because of the time zone difference, it is sunlight in one part of the world while darkness falls in another. 
  5. EST is either UTC-4 or UTC-5
  6. EST is two hours ahead of MST.
  7. Eastern Standard Time is one hour ahead of Pacific Time.
  8. The Eastern Standard Time (EST) is calculated using the mean solar time of the 75th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory;
  9. Winter EST is the time frame.
  10. Since the US Capital is situated in EST, EST is the country’s recognized time zone;

contrast between Mountain Standard Time and Eastern Standard

Abbreviations

  • Mountain Time: Mountain Standard Time is another name for Mountain Time (MST)
  • Eastern Time: Eastern Standard Time is another name for Eastern Time (EST)

Timezone

  • Mountain Time: Mountain Time is followed by the North American zone.
  • Eastern Time: It corresponds to North America’s East Coastal time zone.

Relationship

  • Mountain Time: MST follows EST by two hours.
  • Eastern Time: EST is two hours ahead of MST.

GMT

  • Mountain Time: MST lags GMT by seven hours.
  • Eastern Time: GMT is five hours ahead of EST.

Seasonal Length

  • Mountain Time: The shortest day of the fall and winter is MST.
  • Eastern Time: EST is only in effect during the winter.

Daytime extending hours

  • Mountain Time: In the spring and summer, MST is computed by deducting six hours from UTC.
  • Eastern Time: During this time, EST is determined by deducting four hours from UTC.

Population:

  • Mountain Time: In the entire world, only 6.7% of people utilize it.
  • Eastern Time: It is used by 47.6% of people worldwide.

Location

  • Mountain Time: Among other states, Texas, Kansas, Utah, and Arizona observe the MST.
  • Eastern Time: New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut states come after EST.

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Key Features: Mountain Time vs. Eastern Time:

Mountain Time:

  1. The Mountain Time Zone (MT) is often known as North American Standard Time. 
  2. This is referred to as Mountain Time (MT) or Mountain Standard Time (MST) in the United States and Canada during standard time and Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) during daylight saving time.
  3. Continuously, Mountain Time is computed about Coordinated Universal Time. Due to its western location, it is always behind UTC.
  4. MST is measured using the 105th meridian’s mean solar time west of the Greenwich Observatory.
  5. Standard time is used to determine MST, which is determined by subtracting seven hours from UTC.
  6. When considering the impact of DST, MDT is calculated by subtracting six hours from UTC.

Eastern Time:

  1. The Eastern Time Zone (ET), often known as North American Eastern Standard Time, is found throughout the Western Hemisphere (NAEST). 
  2. This is known as Eastern Standard Time (EST) throughout the east coast of North America in the winter and Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) in the summer.
  3. Eastern time is determined relative to UTC like mountain time is. It distinguishes between standard time and daylight saving time.
  4. The Eastern Standard Time (EST) is calculated using the mean solar time of the 75th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory.
  5. .Standard time (EST) is determined by subtracting five hours from UTC.
  6. To account for DST, UTC is reduced by four hours to calculate EDT.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. Is EST always two hours ahead of MST?

Eastern Standard Time (EST) is 2 hours ahead of Mountain Standard Time (MST) (EST). Add two hours to convert from MST to EST.

MST (Mountain Standard Time) is one hour later than CST (CST). Add one hour to convert from MST to CST.

Q2. Is Texas time Pacific?

With the two westernmost counties excluded, the majority of Texas lies in the Central Time Zone. The northwest Culberson County region, near Guadalupe Mountains National Park, unofficially follows Mountain Time.

Q3. How can EST be converted to MST?

MST is two hours behind EST. Therefore, if you are in EST, the most suitable time for a conference call or meeting is between 11:00 am and 6:00 pm. This corresponds to a typical workday in MST from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.

Q4. How is Mountain Standard Time implemented?

In North America, the Mountain Time Zone maintains time by deviating by seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) when standard time is in force (UTC 07:00) and by six hours when daylight saving time is in effect (UTC 06:00).

Q5. Where is the transition from the Mountain to Pacific time zones?

The Pacific and Mountain Time Zone are divided into three states: Idaho, Idaho, and the Idaho Panhandle. Nevada – all of it, barring West Wendover and several unofficial settlements near the border with Idaho. Except for the majority of Malheur County, all of Oregon.

Q6. Where is the majority of the world’s population located?

The Coordinated Universal Time, or UTC, would be the most well-known time zone if we had to pick one, as it serves as the global norm for timekeeping. However, other time zones are also mentioned using this phrase.

Q7. Why is the time zone important?

Imagine a world with just a one-time zone. For example, in some locations, noon might be midday; in others, it would be morning, evening, or midnight. We require various time zones because the sun rises and sets at various times globally.


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