25+ Pros and Cons of Direct Democracy (Explained)

In case the government is formed following direct democracy, the issues concerned are chosen by the people with their capability of choosing the issues they find to give more concern and priority.

Hence, each eligible citizen is given the power to show a direction to the government and control it. They have got the power through a vote. It results in providing transparency between individuals and the government.

However, it is observed that it results in slowing down the rate with which the activities are performed, and the policies are implemented. 

Pros of Direct Democracy:


In the case of direct democracy, there is a need for the necessary data to be provided to the people regarding the government. There is an open channel for communication between the government and the people, and it can make the government cooperative with the people.

Value of a vote:

Every vote counts in such a kind of government that relies on representation. This is one of the features of direct democracy.

While it is obvious that the decisions are made as per seeing the majority, each of the voters can express their choice of the government with their single vote. 

It results in being more active and knowledgeable regarding the nation’s political scenario as their vote got to have a meaning and the reason behind choosing the representative.  


In the case of the United States, there has been found that about 90 percent of the representative in Congress are often going for re-election despite the approval rating, which is quite below that is about 20 percent. 

It is because of the fact that the government is not found to be completely accountable for a specific structure of the representatives.

With direct democracy, people can raise their voices and choose their candidates without suppression. This is one of the things other forms of government cannot allow.

It is capable of changing the purpose of voting:

Unlike other forms of government, direct democracy has a specific meaning of voting. It is not a privilege but must be taken as a responsibility. It is because democracy states that the government is here to serve the people. 

Allowing people to control their life:

If people are under a great democratic structure, they can choose the lifestyle as per their own interests.

Even on specific issues, people can raise their voices and express their thoughts and opinions about it. Moreover, they have control of their own life and the means with which they want to live them. 

Creating a happy society:

Direct democracy can provide people with a better environment for living. Since the government runs due to the pleasure of the individuals, there is normally a more noteworthy satisfaction with life and government structures when utilizing an immediate vote-based system. 

In any event, when individuals are not totally in agreement with each other, there is the information that every individual can have their voice spoken to here and there on each of the issues concerned. 

Cons of Direct Democracy-

Difficulties in making decisions:

Since each qualified individual has a stake in discussing any procedure or issue, it gets hard to settle on quick choices. Casting techniques for the votes must happen on any issue, regardless of whether that implies doing battle or building the measure of cash for food. 

This implies more advances must be pursued to push ahead, which hinders this type of government contrasted with other government structures.

Not every person participates: 

There is a group that always prefers a third person. Hence, not every person believes in democracy. There will be some people who may idolize an individual, which leads to dictatorship in a certain region.

Hence, this leads to conflict between the group of people who support dictatorship and the government. These few people can dictate the direction of the people for their own benefit. 

Encouraging segregation:

Facing some of the issues are often in society. It may involve various issues. Some of the issues can unite the people, but some can cause segregation instead of the congregation. 

Since basic issues will, in general, rouse energy, individuals will even now will, in general, assemble among similarly invested individuals as opposed to endeavoring to discover a trade-off.

What is the final product? An immediate vote-based system turns into a general public that is similarly divided by ideological points of view as some other type of equitable government.

Can be expensive:

To work properly, direct democracy can be found to be expensive. Various costs must be considered for a direct majority rules system to work appropriately. Individuals must be taught about the choices that must be made, which implies there must be training openings, classes, online courses, and different devices utilized to make the ideal choice. 

The expense of holding each vote has explicit expenses related to it too. Time Magazine reports that in 2012, $544 million was lost efficiency because of individuals remaining in line to decide in favor of the US Presidential political race. Envision what that cost would be if a decision on each issue needed to occur.

Manipulation is extreme:

Each political decision faces the plausibility of having those with more noteworthy financial status have more impact than those with fewer assets. In an immediate vote-based system, since each choice is easily proven wrong, there are many possibilities for exceptional interests to get included and control how individuals see the data being discharged by the legislature. 

Considering the intricacy of such huge numbers of issues in this day and age, this prompts an enormously elevated level of potential debasement framing in this style of government.

Encouraging instability:

Even though choices are coordinated by the vote cast by the majority in an immediate popular government, this doesn’t imply that the majority is always right.

That is the potential for instability that can happen under this structure of government. Choices can be made due to passionate reactions rather than a consistent diagram of the realities in question.

With this, it can be said that a directly democratic form of government can be found easier in the case of smaller countries. In contrast, the operations of the government in direct democracy can be found with a lot of burdens in large countries. A lot of challenges will be faced.

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