GMOs are basically the Genetically Modified Organisms whose genetic material has been artificially manipulated in a laboratory by means of genetic engineering. This process build the combinations of the bacteria, plants, animals, and some virus genes that actually do not occur in nature by the traditional crossbreeding methods.
Many GMOs have been engineered in order to withstand the direct application of the herbicide for producing an insecticide. In addition, many new technologies are being used in the present days for artificially develop other traits in the plants like a resistance to browning in apples, etc.
Here are Pros and Cons of GMOs:
Pros of GMOs:
Artificial techniques can be usedvarious genetic modifications in order to give foods the desirable traits. For example, they have designed two new varieties of the apple that turn less brown when cut or bruised. The Genetic modification makes the crops more resistant to the various diseases as they grow up. Manufacturers also engineer produce to be more nutritious or tolerant of herbicides.
GMO practices can be used in order to produce various “designer” crops, which have more nutrients and also grow quicker. In addition, the genetically modified crops also tend to produce more yield, are more resistant to pesticides and use less fertilizer.
Save time of research:
Artificially implanting DNA from one species to another can save many, many years of research. Waiting for the unpredictable nature of traditional breeding methods can take decades to achieve the required equilibrium; such a goal can be reached immediately with GMO.
Animal cells can be manipulated:
GMO experimentation can be used to manipulate animal (and, theoretically, human) cells to be healthier or desirable. For example, the article, Scientists One Step Closer to Male Contraceptive Pill, talks about how genetically-modified mice are helping to research possible male contraception.
GMOs advance the quality of grown food
Genetically modified foodstuffs can be changed and modified in order to have a longer lasting life in the aim of limiting the wastage of food. This can also be done by means of creating stronger colors, eliminating the seeds or having plant get more and more adjusting towards the harsh climatic conditions. A lot of foodstuffs out there that have been advanced tend to have better nutrient percentages such as protein and calcium.
GMOs can be transported to the inaccessible regions of the world
Currently, the food production in the world is nearly about 17% more than it is required for the population. The problem is that how food can be dispensed in order to countryside where the individuals have the little quantities of food. The time it actually takes for it to reach such areas is sufficient for it for getting ruined before the consumption.
Therefore, the tend to GMOs lengthen the natural life of the foodstuff and its resilience, permitting them to be transported to the longer distances without any wastage or going bad to communities that really need them.
Chemicals usage on GMO crops is lesser compared to other crops.
Based on a study conducted by PG Economics for measuring the quantity of pesticide on cotton that had been genetically modified, it was found that there had been a 6% decline in the amount of herbicides used as compared to those that had not been modified. And it goes without saying that the lesser chemical used, the more beneficial it is for human health.
Cons of GMOs:
In the United States, the FDA does not need GMO labeling.
The ingredients of GMO can be put into food products and the U.S shoppers would not even get to know it. There are presently no national-level labeling need for the foods that have GMO ingredients in them. Some states have also looked at creating labeling laws to need GMO information.
But for the most of the parts, only non-GMO food items tend to be labeled right now. The Non-GMO Project reports that about 64 countries in the world including the entirety of the European Union, Japan, and Australia all need labeling.
Most core foods have some level of genetic modification.
Commercialized crops include some cotton, corn, and soybeans. More than 90% of these crops are being grown today and they have some level of genetic modification in them. Even the sugar beets, grown at commercial levels, are more than 90% GMO. Any of the products that are that are derived from these core foods, still contain the genetic modification from the core ingredient used to make these items.
There may be an increased risk of allergies or food intolerance.
Animal testing is highly controversial, but it should be noted that GMO foods studied in the animals have found organ impacts in virtually every circumstance. In the humans, there may be some increased trend of food allergies and some sort of digestive intolerance. This is because of the genetic modification. When the plants produce pesticides inside of plant to kill the insects, by basic definition, that plant is toxic.
GMO crops may contaminate other fields.
The crops can be genetically modified, but they still grow the in same way as any other crops in the field. That means that pollination is required for those crops to produce the “fruit” that is being grown. Bees do much of this pollination work. This means that they are exposed to the genetic alteration of the plants.
Seeds are actually produced by the GMO crops as well in many instances. This can be spread to other fields and hence will contaminate them. If the cross-pollination occurs, there is no predictable outcome for both the fields.
Animal proteins could be affected by GMO crops.
The vast majority of the core crops in America that are grown are GMO crops. These crops are then fed to the livestock, aquaculture, and apiculture, that impacts groceries that are based on animal proteins.
GMO ingredients are present in milk, eggs, seafood and animal muscle tissues. Even honey can also have GMO ingredients when the bees are pollinating genetically modified crops for producing it.
Many GMO crops are trademarked, patented, and legally protected.
Farmers that cultivate the GMO crops might require to sign an agreement to exclusively grow a specific kind of product. They may also be asked to take steps that protect the crops from contamination. Farmers that do not follow these steps can be taken to the court for breeching that contract.
It encourages the use of additional herbicides.
Most GMO crops out there grown around the world are produced to be tolerant to the herbicides. Farmers have increased the amount of toxic herbicides due to this by a huge amount since the first GMO crops were introduced. One of those most common herbicides is glyphosate and it has been listed by the WHO since the year 2015 as being a probable carcinogenic.
The pros and cons of GMOs is a must needed conversation that we must have. At some point or the other, we must figure out the way to feed our growing population levels. New farming methodologies can only create a limited amount of change. But with this technology, we can maximize our resources, but creating health problems for the future generations may not be the right thing either. So, people should work on it to prevent the resistance instead of encouraging.