Animal testing is always being one of the major controversial topics in the world. For the research development of the medicines, the animal body is universally used. The term animal testing is commonly known as the animal experimenting or animal research seeking the nature of the variants which affects the biological system of the animal body or human being.
The process is practiced in universities, medical schools, research laboratories, pharmaceutical companies, genetic science, defense establishments and business plants that give animal-testing related services to the whole world. The research area that includes testing harmful disease treatments, breeding of more productive animals, defense research, toxicology, and cosmetics testing.
|Benefits of animal testing||Drawbacks of animal testing|
|Testing on animals has been important in certain life-saving treatments and cures||Discipline is barbaric and cruel|
|Provides the necessary living physically, the entire body structure is the test subject||Animals are weak research subject|
|Unavailability appropriate alternative to explore a whole-living body|
Progress in animal testing does not lead to human Medication
|For the situations where ethical considerations prohibit the use of human subjects, animals must be used||The majority of animals used in research are not secured by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA)|
|Animals also themselves avail benefit from animal tests results||A considerate amount of animal life get wasted|
|Shorter lifecycle||To include animals in medical breakthroughs is not necessary|
|Better alternatives to animal testing do exist|
Advantages of the animal testing
- Testing on animals has been important in certain life-saving treatments and cures:
A US-based organization California Biomedical Research Association reports that over the past 100 years nearly every medical breakthrough has resulted directly from animal research.
Although sometimes it is useful for studying cell cultures in a petri dish, which does not provide an opportunity to observe interlinked biological processes throughout the respiratory system, digestive system, and immune response.
- Provides the necessary living physically, the entire body structure is the test subject:
Animals are ideal testing subjects since they are in certain aspects close to humans. Except animals, No other living thing in the universe has had as humans the closest physical and anatomical structure.
The physiological, metabolic and cellular variations between animals and humans make the animal’s inferior test subject for humans. Meanwhile, the human organism is incredibly complicated, as cell cultures in a petri dish could not provide adequate results of the test or prove that even a cure or drug is successful
- Unavailability appropriate alternative to explore a whole-living body:
The animals are the best alternative for this practice. It is not possible to study problems such as blindness and high blood pressure in tissue cultures of humans.
Computer models can only ever be reliable if, during the first place, appropriate, accurate animal research information has been used to develop models. In fact, even the most powerful supercomputers cannot reliably replicate the functioning of complex organs such as the brain.
- For the situations where ethical considerations prohibit the use of human subjects, animals must be used:
When examining medicines for apparent toxicity, it’s not necessary to bring the life of human patients in vulnerable positions. Before the methods are tested on animals, it would also be ethically wrong to carry out invasive experimental procedures on humans, and some experiments include genetic engineering.
- Animals also themselves avail benefit from animal tests results:
Millions of animals are blessed by the testing on the animal. The vaccinations were tested on animals, as a result, rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvovirus remained thousands of miles away without killing the millions of animals.
- Shorter lifecycle:
Thanks to their shorter life cycles, animals are far better research subjects than humans.
Of reference, laboratory research mice survive for almost two to three years, therefore scientists could understand the effects of treatments, therapies genetic manipulation or genetic engineering over a lifetime, rather than over multiple generations, that would have been impractical for the human subjects.
Drawbacks of animal testing
- Discipline is barbaric and cruel:
They are forced to consume, held in solitary confinement, deprived of food, sleep and water, physically restrained for extended periods of time, inflicted with injuries, burns, cuts, wounds, pain and trauma to test process results and therapies for rehabilitation, and sometimes even killed by asphyxiation or neck-breaking.
- Animals are weak research subject:
In many cases, even the animals are not substituted for the human being. For instance, a rat is 60 times lighter than the human subject, so is not the appropriate substitute
- Progress in animal testing does not lead to human Medication:
Success in animal testing does not mean the actual cure medication human being. The testing of slipping pill in the likewise pregnant mice is not successful for pregnant women.
- The majority of animals used in research are not secured by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA):
As of 2010, the AWA protected only higher than 1 million animals, keeping aside the 25 million as unprotected from maltreatment and violence. This data is provided by the AWA through years of research.
- A considerate amount of animal life get wasted:
According to study many animal lives is get wasted under animal testing. Failed attempts at experiments lead to animals dying a very painful death.
- To include animals in medical breakthroughs is not necessary:
Critics of animal testing contend that no major medical advancements say that it has a vital role in the development of medical science. Rather human cells are a much better option.
- Better alternatives to animal testing do exist:
As per many researchers, cell cultures in a petri dish, or in vitro (in glass) testing can be a better option than animal testing.
Animal testing is something that presents questions both moral and ethical in nature. Many scientists claim that introducing something in the human market is impossible without testing it on animals. However, with the leaps we are making in the scientific world, this claim is gradually becoming redundant. Animals have a right to lead a life free from pain, without being abused by humans.