Direct Democracy: 25+ Main Pros and Cons

In case if the government is formed following the direct democracy, the issues concerned are chosen by the people with their capability of choosing the issues they find to give more concern and priority. Hence, each of the eligible citizens is provided with the power in showing a direction to the government as well as controlling it. They have got the power through a vote. 

It results in providing transparency between the individuals and the government. However, it is observed that it results in slowing down the rate with which the activities are performed and the policies are implemented. 

Pros and Cons of Direct Democracy:

Pros of Direct Democracy


In the case of direct democracy, there is a need for the necessary data to be provided to the people regarding the government. There is an open channel for communication between the government and the people and it is capable of making the government cooperative with the people.

Value of a vote

In such kind of government that is reliant on the representation, each and every vote counts. This is one of the features of direct democracy. While it is obvious that the decisions are made as per seeing the majority, however, each of the voters is able to express their choice of the government with their single vote. 

It results in being more active as well as knowledgeable regarding the political scenario of the nation as their vote got to have a meaning as well as the reason behind choosing the representative.  


In the case of United States, there has been found that about 90 percent of the representative in Congress are often going for re-election in spite of the approval rating which is quite below that is about 20 percent. 

It is because of the fact that the government is not found to be completely accountable for a specific structure of the representatives. With direct democracy, people are able to raise their voices and choose their candidates without being suppressed. This is one of the things other forms of government are not able to allow.

It is capable of changing the purpose of voting

Unlike other forms of government, direct democracy has a specific meaning of voting. It is not a privilege but must be taken as a responsibility. It is because democracy states that the government is here to serve the people. 

Allowing people in controlling their life 

If people are under a great democratic structure, they are able to choose the lifestyle as per their own interests. Even in the specific issues, people are allowed to raise their voice and express their thoughts and opinions about it. Moreover, they have control of their own life and the means with which they want to live it. 

Creating a happy society

Direct democracy is able to provide people with a better environment for living. Since the government runs due to the pleasure of the individuals, there is normally a more noteworthy satisfaction with life and the structures of government when utilizing an immediate vote based system. 

In any event, when individuals are not totally in agreement with each other, there is the information that every individual can have their voice be spoken to here and there on each of the issues concerned. 

Cons of Direct Democracy

Difficulties in making decisions

Since each qualified individual has a stake in the discussion of any procedure or issues it gets hard to settle on quick choices. Casting techniques for the votes must happen on any issue, regardless of whether that implies doing battle or going to build the measure of cash for the purpose of food. 

This implies there are more advances that must be pursued to push ahead, which hinders this type of government contrasted with other government structures.

Not every person participates 

There is a group that always prefer a third person. Hence, not every person believes in democracy. There will be some of the people who may idolize an individual that leads to dictatorship in a certain region.

Hence, this leads to conflict between the group of people who support dictatorship and the government. These few people are able to dictate the direction of the people for their own benefits. 

Encouraging segregation

Facing some of the issues are often in society. It may involve various issues. Some of the issues are able to unite the people but there can be some issues that cause segregation instead of the congregation. 

Since basic issues will in general rouse energy, individuals will even now will, in general, assemble among similarly invested individuals as opposed to endeavoring to discover a trade-off. What is the final product? An immediate vote based system turns into a general public that is similarly divided by ideological points of view as some other type of equitable government.

Can be expensive

In order to work properly, direct democracy can be found expensive. There are various costs that must be considered for a direct majority rules system to work appropriately. Individuals must be taught about the choices which must be made, which implies there must train openings, classes, online courses, and different devices utilized so the most ideal choice can be made. 

The expense of holding each vote has explicit expenses related to it too. Time Magazine reports that in 2012, $544 million was lost efficiency because of individuals remaining in line to decide in favor of the US Presidential political race. Envision what that cost would be if a decision on each issue needed to occur.

Manipulation is extreme

Each political decision faces the plausibility of having those with more noteworthy financial status have more impact than those with fewer assets. In an immediate vote based system, since each choice is easily proven wrong, there are a lot more possibilities for exceptional interests to get included and control how individuals see the data being discharged by the legislature. 

Considering the intricacy of such huge numbers of issues in this day and age, this prompts an enormously elevated level of potential debasement framing in this style of government.

Encouraging instability

Despite the fact that choices are coordinated by the vote cast by the majority in an immediate popular government, this doesn’t imply that the majority is always right.

That is the potential for instability that can happen under this structure of government. Choices can be made as a result of passionate reactions rather than a consistent diagram of the realities in question.

With this, it can be said that direct democracy form of government can be found easier in the case of the smaller countries while the operations of the government in direct democracy can be found with a lot of burden in the large countries. It is obvious that a lot of challenges will be faced.

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