15+ Pros And Cons Of IUD

IUD or intrauterine device is a regular contraceptive device used by women. It can provide maximum protection. It is a small-looking T-shaped device that women implant in their uterus to avoid pregnancy.

IUDs have been able to give patients satisfaction. There are two types of IUDs; one is hormonal, and the other one is non-hormonal. Hormonal IUDs consist of hormones that are released in the body.

Hormonal IUDs have proven to be an effective method for birth control. Non-hormonal IUDs are T-shaped devices that are coated with copper. That’s why they are also known as copper Ts. 

Advantages Of IUDsDisadvantages Of IUDs
It is highly effective and convenient Should be inserted by your doctor
Is immensely flexible It cannot stop STDs
There is no need to worry about the menstrual cycleIt can easily slip out of place if not inserted correctly
It is quite low maintenance Has many unwanted side effects 
Is hormonal or non-hormonal Can aggravate the risk of ectopic pregnancy 
It prevents cervical cancer The major cause of Ovarian cysts 


  • 99% effective
  • It can last up to 5-10 years
  • Heavy periods
  • Getting infected
  • The body can push it out
  • Uncomfortable 
  • Not suitable for you if you have pelvic infections
  • You still have to use a condom

Advantages Of IUDs

The main advantage of an IUD is that it will prevent sperm from fertilization. It is because the mucus around the cervix gets thicker, making it difficult for the sperm cells to get through. Therefore, it is the best method to prevent pregnancy. 

Effective And Convenient 

You do not have to worry about pregnancy at all. It has a 99% success rate, ultimately lowering the risk of getting pregnant. In addition, you do not have to abstain from any sexual activity. It’s only an inch long, which makes it convenient.

It has two strings attached to it, and you can use it to check if your IUD is in the correct position. It can remain there for 3-12 years, and you can easily remove it with your gynecologist’s help. 


IUD has so many flexible aspects. It can quickly turn into your favorite form of birth control because of its flexibility.

You can easily have it removed whenever you want. Insertion takes a little time, but removal is quite a quick process. IUD will never affect your fertility.

You can still conceive in the future once you get it removed. You can always use this method in case of an emergency. 

Do Not Have to Worry About Periods 

After inserting an IUD in your uterus, you will most likely experience lighter periods or sometimes no periods. Getting less frequent periods is entirely normal.

It happens due to hormones being constantly released in your uterus. You can always ditch a hormonal IUD and go for the copper IUD if you want to experience regular periods. 

Low Maintenance

It doesn’t require any special attention or maintenance. IUDs will stay in the same position for years. It needs no intervention after you get it inserted in your uterus. It has proven to be the best kind of birth control for women of all ages.

If you are a sexually active teenage girl, IUD is the best option for you. You wouldn’t need to worry about taking birth control pills or other contraceptive methods. 

Hormonal Or Non-Hormonal 

hormonal IUDs contain hormones slowly released into the body to prevent ovulation. If you do not prefer hormonal IUDs, you can also use non-hormonal IUDs.The non-hormonal IUD has no hormones.

They are as effective as hormonal IUDs. You are allowed to use them according to your own choice. It will start doing its work instantly, and you can practice safer sex without hesitation. 

Lowers The Risk Of Cervical Cancer

Studies have concluded that IUDs have been beneficial in lowering the risk for various kinds of gynecological cancers, such as ovarian and endometrial cancer.

For example, cervical cancer was 30% reduced in those women who were using an IUD. Cervical cancer is a significant health problem all over the world. Therefore, IUDs have been able to create a lot of improvement. 

Disadvantages Of IUD 

As we discussed above, IUD is quite an effective birth control method, and you must consider many factors before making a decision. In addition, many risks are involved in fitting an IUD. 

Your Gynecologist Must Insert It 

IUD is not readily available at any medical store, and you cannot insert it yourself. You must consult your gynecologist to get it inserted.

The procedure does not take more than 5 minutes, but you will still need a specialist to fit an IUD.

You will experience cramps after getting an IUD inserted into your uterus. You can always consume painkillers to ease the pain. 

IUDs Do Not Prevent STDs

If you are involved in sexual activities with someone infected by some sexually transmitted disease, you are most likely to get infected too.

IUD doesn’t prevent you from getting infected. It cannot block the way of semen from getting into your vagina during the process of ejaculation.

You can only stop ovulating because of an IUD. It would be best if you kept this disadvantage in your mind before getting an IUD. 

IUDs Can Slip Out Of Their Place 

The possibility of an IUD slipping out of its place might be very low, but it is not impossible. In rare cases, it can easily get lost in your uterus and sometimes slip into your vagina, causing much distress.

Therefore, it’s better to always get your IUD placement checked. If you feel the two strings attached to your IUD, you are clearly out of risk. 

Side Effects 

Most of its side effects are uncommon, but many women have complained of heavy vaginal bleeding and painful cramps after using an IUD.

In addition, suppose you already suffer from infection when you have an IUD fitted into your uterus. In that case, it is possible to lead to pelvic disease.

Therefore, you must get it treated properly. Unusual vaginal discharge is also a common side effect of an IUD. 

Increases The Risk Of Ectopic Pregnancy

There has been an inevitable increase in ectopic pregnancies in those with IUDs inserted in their uterus.

These observations have put a question mark on the benefits of intrauterine devices as a method of contraception.

The device can bring bacteria, causing infection, eventually leading to ectopic pregnancy. IUD also irritates the fallopian tubes. 

Ovarian Cysts

The possibility of developing an ovarian cyst is quite rare. However, cysts can grow in your ovaries within the first year of inserting an IUD.

Symptoms are almost harmless, but cysts can cause excess bloating and even pain in the lower stomach. You must consult your doctor if you are facing severe symptoms. 

I/C:- IUD is not suitable for you if you:

  • Pregnant
  • Pelvic infection
  • Untreated sexually transmitted infection
  • Problems in womb
  • Problems in cervix 
  • Unexplained bleeding 
  • Bleeding after sex 
  • Artificial heart valve. 

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